#Covid19 #Panic #InferiorityComplex vs #RujuIlAllah: How to Pray During a #Lockdown – #Coronavirus!

Sh Haitham: How to Pray During a Lockdown – Coronavirus | | ISLAM 21C | 20 MARCH 2020

ozgur_oral / shutterstock.com

Sh Haitham al-Haddad’s opinion on what Muslims can do for their Jumu’ah (Friday) and daily prayers when their mosques are closed.

All praises are to Allāh, the Most Kind and the Most Merciful, and may His peace and blessings be upon the Prophet Muhammad (sall Allāhu ʿalayhi wa sallam).

Many Muslims are asking about what they should do if their local masājid close due to the Coronavirus pandemic. What follows is an explanation of what they can do for Jumu’ah and congregational prayers.

First of all, I have stated on many occasions that I categorically disagree with the full closure of mosques (when there is an alternative such as reducing congregations), the reason being that no one has the right whatsoever to control the Houses of Allah. He assigned them for Himself.

One of the scholars of the second generation (tābi’īn), Amr Ibn Maymūn al-Awdi said: ‘I found the companions of the Prophet ﷺ saying: The mosques are the houses of Allāh on the earth and it is a duty on Allāh to honour those who visit them’. [1]

“And the mosques are for Allāh (Alone), so invoke not anyone along with Allah.” [2]

Therefore, no one has the right to stop the Dhikr of Allah in them. That is why Allah says,

“And who are more unjust than those who prevent the name of Allah from being mentioned in His mosques and strive toward their destruction. It is not for them to enter them except in fear. For them in this world is disgrace, and they will have in the Hereafter a great punishment.” [3]

However, this fatwa is not addressing this issue, rather it is addressing what can be done by congregants if they are closed.

Adult, male Muslims who are not in a state of safar (journey), who are healthy and fit should try to perform Jumu’ah as much as they can. This ummah of Muhammad ﷺ is the Ummah of Friday and Allāh distinguished this Ummah from other nations by choosing Friday for them. The Prophet ﷺ said:

“Among the most excellent of your days is Friday; on it Adam was created, on it he died, on it the last trumpet will be blown, and on it the shout will be made, so invoke more blessings on me that day, for your blessings will be submitted to me…” [4]

Also, Allāh revealed an entire chapter in the Qur’ān and called it Sūrat al-Jumu’ah. In that chapter Allāh speaks about People of the Book the whole way through and then says the important verse:

“O you who have believed, when [the adhan] is called for the prayer on the day of Jumu’ah [Friday], then proceed to the remembrance of Allāh and leave trade. That is better for you, if you only knew.” [5]

This shows the significant quality that distinguishes Muslims from non-Muslims is the establishment of Jumu’ah prayer on Friday.

Abū Huraira reported Allāh’s Messenger ﷺ as saying about Friday:

“We who are the last shall be the first on the Day of Resurrection, except that every Ummah was given the Book before us and we were given it after them. It was this day which Allāh prescribed for us and guided us to it and the people came after us with regard to it, the Jews observing the next day and the Christians the day following that.” [6]

If those men cannot find a Jumu’ah congregation to join, then they should try to establish Jumu’ah wherever they can. For example, a few of them can gather together and establish Jumu’ah at someone’s home, or even at parks, as long as they do not cause danger, a nuisance or obstruct public areas. Some of the conditions scholars gave for Jumu’ah were for normal circumstances. In abnormal and emergency circumstances we should go for the most convenient view to maintain our dīn and the symbols of Allāh. “So fear Allah as much as you are able and listen and obey.”[7]

The Prophet ﷺ said, “Do not ask me unnecessarily about the details of the things which I do not mention to you. Verily, the people before you were doomed because they were used to putting many questions to their Prophets and had differences about their Prophets. Refrain from what I forbid you and do what I command you to the best of your ability and capacity”.[8]

We have to be careful of the warning given by the Prophet ﷺ when he said:

“He who leaves the Friday prayer for three (consecutive) Fridays on account of carelessness, Allāh will print a stamp on his heart.” [9]

If you try you utmost to pray Jumu’ah and cannot because you are unable to get in to a mosque and you do not have the minimum number of people required, then you must pray Dhuhr instead.

It could be argued from a worldly perspective that gathering in the mosque for Jum’uah or daily prayers will add to the spread of the virus. While we take all proven precautions, we must remember Allāh is the one who causes means to reach their ends. We remember His ability over all things and His subjugating of the creation to us when we obey His commands and establish His glorification on the earth, as the Prophet said to a then young boy, Ibn ‘Abbās, ‘Preserve Allāh; He will preserve you’.

“And if Allah should touch you with adversity, there is no remover of it except Him; and if He intends for you good, then there is no repeller of His bounty. He causes it to reach whom He wills of His servants. And He is the Forgiving, the Merciful.” [10]

I would like to re-emphasise the importance of repentance and going back to Allāh, asking Him to lift this calamity and in the end make it goodness for Islām, Muslims and humanity entirely.

May Allāh remove this calamity of suspending the congregational prayers and may Allāh lift the cause of it. May peace and blessings be upon our prophet sall Allāhu ʿalayhi wa sallam.

Haitham al-Haddad

Friday 25 Rajab 1441

20 March, 2020.

Source: http://www.islam21c.com


[1] Tafsīr of al-Sana’āni (Surat Maryam).

[2] Al-Qur’ān 72:18

[3] Al-Qur’ān 2:114

[4] Reported by Sunan Abi Dawud 1047 Book 2, Hadith 658

[5] Al-Qur’ān 62:9

[6] Sahih Muslim 855 book 7 hadith 28

[7] Al-Qur’ān 64:16

[8] Bukhari and Muslim

[9] Record by abi Dawoud Book 2, Hadith 663.

[10] Al-Qur’ān 10:107


About Shaikh (Dr) Haitham Al-Haddad

Dr. Haitham al-Haddad is a jurist and serves as a judge for the Islamic Council of Europe. He has studied the Islamic sciences for over 20 years under the tutelage of renowned scholars such as the late Grand Mufti of Saudi Arabia as well as the retired Head of the Kingdom’s Higher Judiciary Council. He specialises in many of the Islamic sciences and submitted his doctoral thesis on Islamic jurisprudence concerning Muslim minorities. Shaikh Haitham is highly respected having specialised knowledge in the field of fiqh, usul al-fiqh, maqasid al-shari’ah, ulum al-Qur’an, tafsir, aqidah, and fiqh al-hadith. He provides complex theories which address the role of Islamic jurisprudence within a western environment whilst also critically re-analysing the approach of Islamic jurists in forming legal rulings (ifta’) within a western socio-political context. He has many well known students most of whom are active in dawah and teaching in the West. The shaikh is an Islamic jurist (faqih) and as such is qualified to deliver verdicts as a judge under Islamic law, a role he undertakes at the Islamic Council of Europe as Islamic judge and treasurer. Dr Haitham al-Haddad also sits on various the boards of advisors for Islamic organisations, mainly in the United Kingdom but also around the world.


Also see:

Hundreds of UK mosques remain open for Jumu’ah despite closure calls | 5Pillars | 20 March 2020

Masjid Umar in Leicester remains open

Hundreds of mosques around the UK remained open today for Jumu’ah prayers despite calls for them to shut due to the coronavirus outbreak.

Scores of mosques in Leicester, Lancashire, London, Birmingham, Luton and other parts of the country chose not to shut their doors and introduced restrictions instead, such as urging anyone who has coronavirus symptoms (constant cough or temperature) not come to the mosque at all.

One mosque in Manchester, Jameah Masjid E Noor, even announced a special Jama’ah for the over 50s.

Anti-closure scholars have justified their decision by emphasising the importance of Friday prayers in Islam, the lack of a government ban on mass gatherings, and the fact that general wider society has not shut down.

Earlier today Sheikh Haitham al-Haddad, of the Islamic Council of Europe, reiterated that he categorically disagrees with the full closure of mosques on the grounds that “no one has the right whatsoever to control the Houses of Allah.”

In a fatwa he urged Muslims to try to perform Jumu’ah as much as they can, but if they cannot find a congregation to join then they should try to establish Jumu’ah wherever they can in homes or even in parks.And if they can’t then they must pray Dhuhr instead.

“It could be argued from a worldly perspective that gathering in the mosque for Jum’uah or daily prayers will add to the spread of the virus. While we take all proven precautions, we must remember Allāh is the one who causes means to reach their ends. We remember His ability over all things and His subjugating of the creation to us when we obey His commands and establish His glorification on the earth,” the fatwa said.

Most mosques shut doors 

However, over half the mosques around the country, if not more, closed due to the coronavirus outbreak. These included most of the biggest mosques in the country in major population centres.

Lancashire Council of Mosques also reversed its position last evening and is now calling for daily congregational and Friday prayers to be suspended to stop the spread of coronavirus.

Despite considerable opposition to their stance in a meeting last night they encouraged worshippers to pray at home. Worshippers were also told not to shake hands after prayers and to stop the use of the wudhu area.

A Council statement read: “We recognise how important Friday prayers are to the community, particularly at this difficult time for us all. However, our shared priority must be to keep people safe and give them the best possible advice on how to do this…

“Earlier this week, the Government issued advice on social distancing. This advice urges everyone to avoid large gatherings and also gatherings in smaller public places. It also recommends avoiding gatherings with friends and family. This advice is needed to help prevent the spread of COVID-19 and also to make sure our hospitals have the capacity they need to cope with the pandemic.

“It is with a very heavy heart that we strongly recommend, from a Public Health perspective, at this stage of the pandemic outbreak, that both daily and Friday congregational prayers and other significant gatherings such as madrassah, courses or lectures are suspended until further notice.”

However, it is not certain if individual mosques in Lancashire will abide by the Council’s advice or not.


Also see:


Coronavirus: Should Masjids close?

Shaikh ul Islam Mufti Taqi Uthmani DB:

“Precautionary measures are fine but suspicion and panic have no place; hence, placing restrictions on congregational prayer or Jumuah Salah has no valid basis.”


قال شيخ الإسلام المفتي محمد تقي العثماني:

احتياطى تدبيريں اپنی جگہ ،لیکن وہم اور دہشت اس میں داخل نہیں، نیز نماز باجماعت یا جمعہ پر پابندی کا بھی کوئی جواز نہیں۔


Coronavirus: Should Masjids close? | Islamic Portal | 17 March 2020


There is a lot of confusion regarding congregational Ṣalāh in Masjids and whether Masjids in the UK should remain open or closed, what is the Islamic perspective in this regard? There is also a message circulating that over 60s should not attend Masjids.

(For other Q&As & articles regarding Coronavirus, click here)
(Important note: Please refer to the updated advice on this link)
بسم الله الرحمن الرحیم

Masjids in the UK should remain open for congregational Ṣalāh until and unless the government places a total restriction on religious places. Those diagnosed with Coronavirus or with its symptoms should perform Ṣalāh at home. Similarly, those with underlying health conditions, particularly the elderly, are excused from attending the Masjid.
We are aware of the advice of some organisations in relation to over 60s not attending Masjids. However, over 60s should not be discouraged from attending the Masjid if they do not have any underlying health conditions.
It is recognised that there are mixed views in relation to Masjids remaining open. These decisions are not taken lightly, and everyone recognises the severity of the pandemic. Those who wish to attend the Masjids should not be belittled or prevented from doing so.
The advice to keep Masjids open for congregational Ṣalāh takes into account the following:
1. The importance of Masjids and congregational Ṣalāh, as reflected from congregational Ṣalāh during war (Ṣalāt al-Khawf) and other ḥadīths.

2. The protection of faith supersedes the protection of one’s self.

3. The Prophet’s ﷺ practice of rushing to the Masjid during calamities.

4. A significant portion of the Ummah abandoning Ṣalāh particularly congregational Ṣalāh and other sins causing such epidemics. The Masjid and congregational Ṣalāh is part of the solution and not the problem.

5. Masjids remaining open when epidemics occurred during the era of the companions and thereafter.

6. Ḥadīths advising precautions during epidemics do not mention closing Masjids or stopping congregational Ṣalāh.

7. The differentiation between an individual decision not to attend a Masjid and a collective decision to close a Masjid for congregational Ṣalāh. (It is worth noting if Eid occurs on a Friday, according to ḥanbalīs, Jumuʿah Ṣalāh is not necessary on individuals, however, Jumuʿah Ṣalāh must be established in the Masjids, as outlined in an earlier answer).

8. The continued running of schools notwithstanding the huge risks and the duration of time (6-8 hours) spent therein.

9. The limited 5-10 minutes duration of congregational Ṣalāh.

10. The ground reality of Muslims continuing to attend weddings, functions, shopping centres, and other public and private places and spending much more time than the time spent in congregational Ṣalāh.
Therefore, Masjids should remain open for congregational Ṣalāh, and should adopt the necessary precautions in a proportionate manner to manage the risks. The benefits of keeping Masjids open significantly outweigh the risks at this stage. This will be reviewed continuously as the situation evolves and in light of the government’s guidance.

Allah know best

Yusuf Shabbir
22 Rajab 1441 / 17 March 2020
Approved by: Mufti Shabbir Ahmad and Mufti Muhammad Tahir




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1 thought on “#Covid19 #Panic #InferiorityComplex vs #RujuIlAllah: How to Pray During a #Lockdown – #Coronavirus!

  1. Frankly, any House of God is a precious sanctuary to all faithful, and even those who are at times conflicted or confused as to their beliefs, but who find peace and tranquility in the House of God, wherever it may be.

    It’s harsh, if not outright cruel, to deny people access to their houses of God, when it’s crisis like this that everyone needs sanctuary in the House of God more than ever.

    Liked by 1 person

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