Try #Blair for #WarCrimes say 1/3 of Britons surveyed!

Third of British people want to see Tony Blair tried as a war criminal over Iraq, finds YouGov poll | Chloe Farand, The Independent Online, 1 August 2017. 

Survey was conducted on the day the High Court blocked a private prosecution against the former prime minister

Tony Blair should be tried as a war criminal over the Iraq War, according to a third of Britons surveyed in a new poll.

Carried out on the same day that the High Court blocked a bid by a former chief of the Iraqi Army’s staff to bring a private prosecution against the former prime minister, the YouGov survey asked 3,264 adults representative of the population in Britain to pick one of five statements that best summed up their views about him in respect of the Iraq War.

A third – 33 per cent – of those taking part in the survey chose “Mr Blair knowingly misled Parliament and the public and should be tried as a war criminal”.

The number of respondents who said Mr Blair should be tried as a war criminal was higher among those aged above 65, with 42 per cent choosing that answer compared with only 26 per cent of those aged 18 to 24.

Overall, about 27 per cent answered they did not know which statements best summed up their views on the matter and 15 per cent said they agreed that he “knowingly misled Parliament and the public but we should now move on and take no action against him”.

Nearly half of the 18 to 24-year-olds, or 47 per cent, said they did not know which statement to pick.

Among the respondents, 13 per cent chose the sentence: “Even if some of the details were wrong, Mr Blair was right to warn that Saddam Hussein’s regime was extremely dangerous.”

12 per cent said Mr Blair misled Parliament and the public about the scale of the threat from Iraq “but did not intend to do so”.

Of those who identified as Conservative voters, 40 per cent said they wanted to see Mr Blair tried as a war criminal compared with 31 per cent of Labour voters and 25 per cent of Liberal Democrats.

Among SNP voters, 39 per cent said they wanted to see him tried, as did 54 per cent of Ukip voters.

The findings come as the debate over criminal proceedings against Mr Blair resumed after Lord Thomas of Cwmgiedd, the Lord Chief Justice, and Mr Justice Ouseley dismissed General Abdul Wahed Shannan Al Rabbat’s application for private prosecution, saying there was “no prospect” of the case succeeding.

The general has accused Mr Blair of committing a “crime of aggression” by invading Iraq in 2003 to overthrow its leader Saddam Hussein. He wanted to prosecute Mr Blair along with former Foreign Secretary Jack Straw and Lord Goldsmith, the then Attorney General.

His application to the High Court for a judicial review was an attempt to overturn a ruling by the House of Lords in 2006 that there is no such crime as the crime of aggression under the law of England and Wales.

The general lives in Oman and does not possess a passport to travel to the UK.

The UK was part of a US-led coalition which invaded Iraq after former US President George W Bush and Mr Blair accused Hussein of possessing weapons of mass destruction and having links to terrorists.

But the Chilcot report, which summarised the findings of a public inquiry into Britain’s role in the war, concluded Mr Blair deliberately blurred lines between what he believed and what he knew.

It found that the former Prime Minister had convinced himself with unjustified certainty that Hussein had weapons of mass destruction, when intelligence reports had not established “beyond doubt” that they existed.

[JURIST] The UK High Court [official website]rejected [judgment, PDF] a “crime of aggression” allegation Monday against former UK Prime Minister Tony Blair [official website] by a former Iraq General Abdul Wahed Shannan Al Rabbat. The two justices dismissed the claim as UK law does not recognize a crime of aggression:

The existence of such difficulties cannot in any way justify the domestic courts of England and Wales departing from the clear principle that it is for Parliament to make such conduct criminal under domestic law. Parliament deliberately chose not to do so. The courts cannot usurp that function. It is for Parliament and Parliament alone to make the decision. Furthermore, there is no answer to the practical and constitutional difficulties identified by Lord Bingham and Lord Hoffman that would arise if a prosecution was brought without clear statutory provision.

The matter was dismissed before it could be brought to the Supreme Court for judicial review, the High Court determining that the highest court in Britain would not break away from its ruling in R v. Jones [judgment].This ruling comes at the end of a long line of investigations into the Iraq War [JURIST backgrounder]. The Chilcot inquiry in July 2016 determined that the UK’s entry into the Iraq War was not justified [JURIST report]. The same month the ICC determined that it would not prosecute [JURIST report] Tony Blair for crimes related to the Iraq War.

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