| Remember the Battle of Badr on 17th Ramadhan 2 AH {15th March 624 CE}

22:39

Surat Al-Ĥaj [22:39] (The Pilgrimage) – سورة الحج

Permission to fight is given unto those who fight because they have been wronged; and Allah is surely able to give them victory; The Holy Qur’an, Chapter 22,Verse 39

| Remember the Battle of Badr on 17th Ramadhan 2 AH {15th March 624 CE} where with Divine intervention, 313 fasting Muslims valiantly defeat 950 armed enemy warriors:

Map depicting the battlefield, with al-‘Udwatul Dunya and al-‘Udwatul Quswa, shown to the right.

THE Muslims, who had gone to Medina, had left all their belongings behind in Mecca and these had been taken by their enemies. Thus, when the Muslims heard that Abu Sufyan, one of the leaders of Quraysh, was on his way back to Mecca from Syria with a large caravan of goods, they decided that the time had come for them to retrieve some of their losses. The Prophet (pbuh) gave the Muslims permission for this attack and everyone began to get ready for the raid, for it had been revealed: In the Name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful

22:39

Surat Al-Ĥaj [22:39] (The Pilgrimage) – سورة الحج

Permission to fight is given unto those who fight because they have been wronged; and Allah is surely able to give them victory; The Holy Qur’an, Chapter 22,Verse 39

The Revelation had mentioned that a thing most serious with Allah was

2:217

Surat Al-Baqarah [2:217] (The Cow) – سورة البقرة

“They ask you about the sacred month – about fighting therein. Say, “Fighting therein is great [sin], but averting [people] from the way of Allah and disbelief in Him and [preventing access to] al-Masjid al-Haram and the expulsion of its people therefrom are greater [evil] in the sight of Allah . And fitnah is greater than killing.” And they will continue to fight you until they turn you back from your religion if they are able. And whoever of you reverts from his religion [to disbelief] and dies while he is a disbeliever – for those, their deeds have become worthless in this world and the Hereafter, and those are the companions of the Fire, they will abide therein eternally.”

The retrieval of their goods, however, was not their only reason for wanting to attack the caravan. The Muslims did not think they should simply remain safely in Medina; they wanted to spread the message of Islam. They thus felt that if Quraysh wanted freedom to trade in safety, then the Muslims must also have freedom to believe in Allah, to follow His Messenger (pbuh), and spread His Word. It was, therefore, thought that the best, and only way to get Quraysh to understand this was to attack what was most important to them — a caravan. Abu Sufyian, in the meantime, heard about the Muslims’ plan and quickly sent a message to Quraysh in Mecca, telling them that the caravan was in danger and asking for help. As a result nearly all Quraysh came out to help him defend the caravan. There were a thousand men and two hundred horses. The women also went along to cheer the men on with their singing. Unaware of this, the Prophet (pbuh) set out with his followers. It was the month of Ramadan and the Muslims were fasting. There were only three hundred and five of them, most of them Ansar, men from Medina. With them they had three horses and seventy camels, on which they rode in turns.

They arrived in the area of Badr , some distance from Medina where they made camp and waited for news of the caravan. Then they heard that Quraysh had set out from Mecca with a strong army. The situation had suddenly changed. They were no longer going to make a raid on a caravan they were going to have to fight Quraysh. The Prophet (pbuh) gathered his men around him to find out what they wanted to do. First Abu Bakr, and then ‘Umar, spoke for the Muslims who had come from Mecca. They said they would obey the Prophet (pbuh). But the Prophet (pbuh) wanted to hear the opinion of the Ansar, because he did not want to force them into doing something they did not want to do. Sa’d ibn Mu’adh, one of the leaders of the Ansar, got up and said, ‘We believe in you and we swear before all men that what you have brought is the truth. We have given you our word and agreement to hear and obey. So go where you wish, we are with you even if you should lead us into the sea!’ The Prophet (pbuh) was greatly encouraged by these words and so it was agreed to fight.

Abu Sufyan learned where the Muslims were camped. He changed the course of the caravan and quickly took it out of their reach. He then sent word to Quraysh telling them that the caravan was safe and that they should return to Mecca. But the leaders of Quraysh were proud and stubborn men. They refused to return as they had made up their minds to show everyone how powerful they were by destroying the Muslims. Now there was a wadi, or valley, at Badr, with wells on the side nearest Medina, and it was here that the Muslims took up position facing the valley with the wells behind them. Quraysh meanwhile placed themselves on the other side of the valley. The Muslims then dug a reservoir, filled it with water from one of the wells, and made a barrier around it. Then they stopped up the wells. In this way the Muslims had enough drinking water for themselves, while the Meccans would have to cross the valley and fight the Muslims in order to get water.

The night before the battle, while the Muslims slept peacefully, a heavy rain fell. In the Name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful

8:11

Surat Al-‘Anfāl [8:11] (The Spoils of War) – سورة الأنفال

When He made the slumber fall upon you as a reassurance from Him and sent down water from the sky upon you, in order that He might purify you, and remove from you the fear of Satan, and strengthen your hearts and make firm (your) feet thereby. The Holy Qur’an, Chapter 8,Verse 11

On the morning of Friday, the 17th of Ramadan, 2 A.H., (March 7th, 623 A.D), the two armies advanced and drew closer to one another. The rain had been heavier on the side of Quraysh, making the ground soft and movement difficult. On the side of the Muslims, however, the rain had packed the sand down hard, making it easy for them to march.

The Prophet (pbuh) preferred the men to fight in ranks. As they prepared to march he noticed that someone had stepped out in front of the others. The Prophet (pbuh) prodded him in the side with an arrow, saying, ‘Stand in line!’ The man, Sawad, exclaimed, ‘You have hurt me, 0 Messenger of Allah! Allah has sent you to be just and good.’ The Prophet (pbuh) lifted his shirt and said, ‘Then do the same to me.’ The man approached and kissed him on the spot instead, saying, ‘0 Messenger of Allah, you see what is before us and I may not survive the battle. If this is my last time with you, I want the last thing I do in life to be this.’ Shortly after he went into battle, Sawad died a martyr.

Having examined the ranks, the Prophet (pbuh) then went to a shelter made of palm branches from which he could command the battle. Abu Bakr stayed with him, while Sa’d ibn Mu’adh, with several of the Ansar, stood outside guarding the hut. When the Prophet (pbuh) saw the enormous Quraysh army descending the hill into the valley, with all their banners and drums, he began to pray for the help which Allah had promised him. These were some of his words. ‘0 Allah, here come Quraysh full of vanity and pride, who oppose Thee and call Thy Messenger a liar. 0 Allah, if this little band (the Muslims) perishes today, there will be none left in the land to worship Thee.’ In the Name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful

8:9

8:10

Surat Al-‘Anfāl [8:9-10] (The Spoils of War) – سورة الأنفال


When ye sought help of your Lord and He answered you (saying): I will help you with a thousand of the angels, rank on rank. Allah appointed it only as good tidings, and that your hearts might thereby be at ease. Victory cometh only by the help of Allah. Lo! Allah is Mighty, Wise. The Holy Qur’an, Chapter 8, Verse 9-10

At first the battle began in single combat when one of Quraysh swore that he would drink from the Muslims’ reservoir and then destroy it, or die in the attempt. Hamzah, the Prophet’s uncle, came forward to face him and killed him. Three of the most important men of Quraysh then stepped forward and gave out a challenge for single combat. The Prophet (pbuh) sent out ‘Ali, Hamzah, and ‘Ubaydah ibn al-Harith, to face them. It was not long before Hamzah and ‘Ali had killed their opponents. As for ‘Ubaydah, he had wounded his enemy but was wounded himself, and so his two companions killed the wounded Meccan and carried ‘Ubaydah back to the safety of the Muslim ranks. After this, the two armies attacked each other and fighting broke out all around. The sky was filled with arrows. The Muslim army held its ground against the great army of Quraysh and even though the Muslims were much fewer in number, they gained a great victory, destroying the Meccan army and killing most of its leaders. Among the leading Meccans who died were Abu Jahl and Umayyah ibn Khalaf, who was killed by his former slave, Bilal. Seeing that their leaders were nearly all dead, the remainder of Quraysh retreated.

The Prophet (pbuh) sent word to Medina to tell them of the victory. He then gathered up the spoils of war and divided them equally among the Muslims. Some of the Meccans had been taken prisoner and the Prophet (pbuh) gave orders that they should be treated well until their relatives from among Quraysh came to fetch them. In the Name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful

8:17

Surat Al-‘Anfāl [8:17] (The Spoils of War) – سورة الأنفال

Ye (Muslims) did not slay them, but Allah slew them. And thou Muhammad threwest not when thou didst throw, but Allah threw, so that He might test the believers by a fair test from Him. Lo! Allah is All-hearing, All-Knowing. The Holy Qur’an, Chapter 8,Verse 17

A map of the Badr campaign, showing the route taken by Abu Sufyan to protect his caravan from the Levant to Mecca, the route taken by Amr ibn Hishām (Abu Jahl) from Mecca to Badr and the route taken by Muhammad and the Muslims from Medina to Mecca.

See the source image

Muslim casualties at Badr [14]
Haritha bin Suraqa al-Khazraji حريثة بن سراقة الخزرجي
Zish Shamalain bin ‘Abdi ‘Amr al-Muhajiri ذو الشمالين بن عبد عمر المهاجري
Rafi’ bin al-Mu’alla al-Khazraji رافع بن المعلاء الخزرجي
Sa’d bin Khaythama al-Awsi سعد بن خيثمة الأوسي
Safwan bin Wahb al-Muhajiri صفوان بن وهب المهاجري
‘Aaqil bin al-Bukayr al-Muhajiri عاقل بن البكير المهاجري
‘Ubayda bin al-Harith al-Muhajiri عبيدة بن الحارث المهاجري
‘Umayr bin al-Humam al-Khazraji عمير بن الحمام الخزرجي
‘Umayr bin Abu Waqqas al-Muhajiri عمير بن أبو وقاس المهاجري
‘Awf bin al-Harith al-Khazraji عوف بن الحارث الخزرجي
Mubashir bin ‘Abdul Mundhir al-Awsi مبشر بن عبدالمنذر الأوسي
Mu’awwidh bin al-Harith al-Khazraji معوذ بن الحارث الخزرجي
Mihja’ bin Salih al-Muhajiri مهجاء بن صالح المهاجري
Yazid bin al-Harith bin Fushum al-Khazraji يزيد بن الحارث بن فصحم الجزرجي

ALSO SEE:

My Visit to Battle of Badr

The Battle of Badr was the first major battle in Islam. Since I live Near Madina, My visit to the site of battle of Badr was not my First Visit. I had visited it a number of time. But this Visit was Special. Special Because for the First time I reflected deeply on the Battle of Badr. I began to recall the Quranic Ayah and the Hadeeths on the “Battle of Badr “. And  I was emotionally carried into the history of time.

When I arrived at Battle of Badr ,it was afternoon. The Sun was at his Peak . I looked at the Sun and felt the Struggle of the sahabas . The Battle was fought on 17th of Ramadan, 2H .Yes  it was fought in the Second year of Hijri in the middle of Ramadan .

I looked all around and I  tried to visualize the Battle. I had a Map of battle of Badr in my mind and I tried to put the Map in real Picture.  I was standing at the graves of Martyr and it was not possible to exactly visualize the Map into reality but yes, I drew a Rough guess . My heart was filled with awe . I Sent Darud and Salutation on my Prophet SAW and I glorified Allah for the Victory he always gives to the believers . And this Battle Field was a Living example when Allah granted victory to the Muslims who were 313 in number against their Well equipped enemy who were thrice their strength . This is the Map –

battle of badr

I then went to the Place where the names of the Sahabas of Badr is inscribed and for the First time I went through all the Names . It was difficult to stand in the Scorching Sun  and read all the names but I when my eyes caught the names of Some Sahabas that I have studied ,I recalled their great Sacrifice and my eyes filled with tears .

baatle of badr

14 companions were martyred in the battle. Their names are listed at the site of the battle. They were :

1) Sayyiduna ‘Umayr ibn Abi Waqas. رضي الله عنه
2) Sayyiduna Safwan ibn Wahb. رضي الله عنه
3) Sayyiduna Dhu-Shimalayn ibn ‘Abdi. رضي الله عنه
4) Sayyiduna Mihja’ ibn Salih. رضي الله عنه
5) Sayyiduna ‘Aqil bin al-Bukayr. رضي الله عنه
6) Sayyiduna ‘Ubaydah ibn al-Harith. رضي الله عنه
7) Sayyiduna Sa’ad ibn Khaythama. رضي الله عنه
8) Sayyiduna Mubashir ibn ‘Abd al-Mundhir. رضي الله عنه
9) Sayyiduna Harithah ibn Suraqah. رضي الله عنه
10) Sayyiduna Rafi’ ibn Mu’ala. رضي الله عنه
11) Sayyiduna ‘Umayr ibn Humam. رضي الله عنه
12) Sayyiduna Yazid ibn al-Harith. رضي الله عنه
13) Sayyiduna Mu’awidh ibn al-Harith. رضي الله عنه
14) Sayyiduna ‘Awf ibn al-Harith. رضي الله عنه

These Sahabas will always be remembered  till the end of the time for their great Sacrifice . They were favoured by Allah because they showed their tawakkul in Allah and Love for dear Prophet SAW that we can’t even imagine. Some stories of Sahabas I want to share are –

  • 1) Sayyiduna ‘Umayr ibn Abi Waqas. رضي الله عنه was one of the youngest Martyr in the Battle of Badr . When the Prophet (SallallahuAlyhiwasallam) encouraged the Muslims to prepare for the battle of Badr, ‘Umayr (RadhiAllahuAnhu) was very eager to join them, despite his young age. He accompanied the army and tried to conceal himself. When he was asked why he was hiding, he replied: “I fear that the Prophet (SallallahuAlyhiwasallam) may see me and deem me to young to fight, whereas I am very eager to fight in the path of Allah and attain martyrdom.”AllahuAkar ! was only sixteen years old. When the Prophet (SallallahuAlyhiwasallam) inspected his army, he spotted ‘Umayr and told him that he was too young to battle. ‘Umayr began to cry so much until the Prophet (SallallahuAlyhiwasallam) felt sympathised and permitted him to join the army. He fought in the battle and his wish of Martyrdom was granted
  • Ubaydah ibn al-Harith رضي الله عنه   When Utbah ibn Rabi’ah cut off his leg ,he recited a Poetry which is still remembered .It was

    You may cut off my leg, yet I am a Muslim.
    I hope in exchange for a life near to Allah,
    with Houris fashioned like the most beautiful statues,
    with the highest heaven for those who mount there.

    ‘Ubaydah (RadhiAllahuAnhu) was taken by his companions to the Prophet (SallallahuAlyhiwasallam), with blood flowing endlessly from his leg. He asked: “Am I not a martyr of Prophet of Allah?” The Prophet (SallallahuAlyhiwasallam) replied: “Certainly!”

  •  Rafi’ Ibn al-Mu’alla al-Ansari رضي الله عنه  He was killed by ‘Ikramah Ibn Abi Jahl, who later accepted Islam and was also martyred.“Allah Ta’ala smiles at two men, one of them kills the other but they both enter Jannah. One of them fights in the path of Allah and is killed. Then Allah forgives the killer [who enters Islam] and he later fights in the path of Allah and is also killed.”
    (Narrated by Imam Bukhari on the authority of Abu Huraira (RadhiAllahuAnhu)
  • Haritha Ibn Suraqah al-Ansari رضي الله عنه  When the battle commenced between the soldiers of Allah Ta’ala and His enemies, Haritha went to a pool to drink some water. It was at that point when Habban Ibn al-‘Irqah struck him with an arrow, which lead to his martyrdom in the path of Allah Ta’ala.

    When his mother came to know of the death of her young and beloved son, she approached the Prophet (SallallahuAlyhiwasallam) and exclaimed: “O Prophet of Allah! You know very well how much my son means to me! If he is in Jannah, I will be patient in hope of reward from Allah. But if he is not in Jannah, what am I meant to do?” The Prophet (SallallahuAlyhiwasallam)  replied: “Woe to you! Is there only one Jannah? Verily there are many Jannaat, and your son is in [the best one] al-Firdaus!”

  • Sayyiduna Sa’ad ibn Khaythama. رضي الله عنه – When the Prophet (SallallahuAlyhiwasallam) encouraged the Muslims to prepare for Badr, Sa’d RA  and his father were both eager to fight in the path of Allah. However, it was not possible for both of them to take part in Badr, as one of them had to remain at home with the women of the household. Khaythama (RadhiAllahuAnhu) told his son: “Let me go and fight and you remain here with the women.”Sa’d (RadhiAllahuAnhu) refused and replied: “My father, if it wasn’t for the fact that I desire Jannah, I would have stayed behind.” So they drew lots to decide who would accompany the Prophet (SallallahuAlyhiwasallam) and the other Muslims, and left the decision to Allah Ta’ala. Allah Ta’ala favoured Sa’d (RadhiAllahuAnhu) who won. This is indeed a great blessing, that he was chosen by Allah to accompany the Prophet (SallallahuAlyhiwasallam) in the first major battle of Islam. Allah Ta’ala blessed him further by granting him martyrdom in His path. He was killed by ‘Amr Ibn Abdi Wudd and fulfilled his desire of entering Jannah. His father Khaythama, who missed out on taking part at Badr, was further saddened by the loss of his son. However, his sincerity and love for Allah and His Prophet did not go unnoticed, as the following year Allah Ta’ala blessed him with the sweetness of martyrdom at the battle of Uhud.

I recalled this  Ayah of Quran  which said that Allah Sent Rain as Mercy and I looked at the ground . I picked up the Sand and it flew off my hands like Water.

“(Remember) when HE covered you with a slumber as a security from HIM – and HE caused rain to descend on you from the sky – to clean you thereby and to remove from you the Rijz (Whispering- Evil suggestions- etc – of Satan.

And to Strengthen your Hearts – and make your Feet firm thereby”  [8:11]

While we were doing Tafseer, We were told that Allah had revealed this Ayah in connection of Battle of Badr . The Muslims had left with the intention to meet a caravan of about 40 men – not intending to fight but only to overpower them. But the caravan escaped and Abu Sufyan sent word to Quraish to come and protect it . The Muslim Army of around 313 Men met the mighty The Quraish  with enormous army of 1000 men – Six Hundred wearing shield-, 100 horses – and 700 camels- and luxurious provisions to last for several days. The disbelievers wanted to make this a victory that would put fear into the hearts of all the Arabs.

So When the Scenario was

  • 1000 against around 313
  • 700 camels against 70 camels,
  • 100 horses against 2,
  • Enormous provisions against None

the Muslim Army was a little concerned . Almighty ALLAH (سبحانہ و تعا لی) showed them favour by  sending rain upon the believers that Very Night . The place where the Muslims were to encamp was made of sandy ground which was hard to walk on because one’s feet could easily sink in it – Almighty ALLAH (سبحانہ و تعا لی) sent the rain to make the ground firm under their feet and he also sent the sleep in their eyes  to make their Hearts Firm .

I then looked up the Sky and imagined the Angels that came for Help

Seeing the Small Muslim Army fight the mighty Quraish ;the Beloved Prophet Muhammed (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم)  continued to supplicate his Lord.

Hazrat Abu Bakr as-Sidique [ رضی اللہ تعالہ عنه] witnessed this incessant supplication so He said:  “O RasullAllah – you have cried out enough to your Lord – HE will surely fulfill what HE has promised you”

Immediate was the response of Almighty ALLAH (سبحانہ و تعا لی) -Who sent down Angels/Mallayka’ from the  Heavens for the help and assistance of HIS Most Chosen Beloved (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم)  and his  Companions – The Qur’an marks this Miraculous Occurrence:  “I will help you with a thousand of the Angels each behind the other (following one another) in Succession” [Quran – 8:9]

The Beloved Prophet Muhammed (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) in his hut, dozed off a little and then raised his head joyfully crying and said:  “O Abu Bakr!  Glad Tidings are there for you- ALLAH’s Victory has approached – By ALLAH I can see Jibreel on his mare in the thick of a sandstorm.”

Suhan Allah! I shuddered a little . And I kept looking at the Sky .

Around 5,000 angels had descended to help the Muslims achieve victory over the Quraysh who were better equipped in terms of weaponry, camels and war-horses. Allah says in the Qur’an:

3:125 – Well, if you are steadfast and mindful of Allah, your Lord will reinforce you with five thousand swooping angels if the enemy should suddenly attack you!’

Subhan Allah ! Badr is the place where it was as if the unseen realm flooded into the world of matter. It is a place where the early Muslims learned the lesson of the power of reliance – of total reliance on Allah. And it is the place where Allah becomes a teacher to the new Muslim community – guiding them and teaching them the way of reliance on Him. Allah sends the angels from the invisible world to give firmness to the believers – their hearts became firm, their feet became firm, and then the angels, rank on rank, bring firmness to the believers at Allah’s command

Then  Sayyidunā RasūlAllāh (şallAllāhu álayhi wa âlihi wa sahbihī wa sallam ) took a handful of dust and cast it at the enemy and said :  “Confusion Seize their faces!” –  As he flung the dust – a Violent Sandstorm blew like furnace blast into the eyes of the enemy – About this – Alimghty ALLAH (سبحانہ و تعا لی) says in the Noble Qur’an: “And  You- Muhammad d (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) threw not when you did throw – but ALLAH threw.” [8:17]

It was at this point that  Beloved Prophet Muhammed (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم)  gave orders to launch a full counter-attack – He incited the believers reciting the following verse:  “And be quick for forgiveness from your Lord – and for Paradise as Wide as are the Heavens and Earth.”[3:133]

The Spirit of the Muslims rose and they fought with the Utmost courage and  Bravery severly wounding the Quraish army – killing many of their men and instilling fear in their hearts .After the Battle 70 of the Quraysh were killed and 70 were captured, and 14 of the Muslims were martyred.

I thanked Allah

I thanked Allah for his mercy in giving me a chance to visit the Blessed Place where Angels decended for the help of the believers. Glorified is Allah !There is None Like my Lord . May Allah forgive us for all our shortcomings and give us the imaan of the Sahabas  .Unless We know the history and Read in detail the Tafseer of Quran , We won’t be able to Reflect . Ya Allah increase us in Ilm and grant us the  favour of his mercy . Ameen Summa Ameen.

Originally written on Dec 2017

Have You Visited Battle of Badr ? Would you like to share your experience ?

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About truthaholics

| Exposing Truth Behind Media Spin. Truth is not gossip. It's not sensational or even exciting. Truth's reality, fact. Truth's shocking, sad, horrific, frightening and deadly. Controversial issues discussed here so only for those able to digest Truth.

2 thoughts on “| Remember the Battle of Badr on 17th Ramadhan 2 AH {15th March 624 CE}

  1. Pingback: Ibn al-Rwanadi’s concluding thoughts on the history of Islam. « Loftier Musings

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